Agriculture is basically the transformation of the environment with the aim of rearing or producing crops for human use. Agricultural is a practice that has been developed since the ancestral times as human beings tried to provide themselves with food. However, this field has experienced enormous changes in the past with the advancement in technology. Science has played a key role in agricultural with most farming techniques nowadays using one or two pieces of technology. This is something far from what our ancestral used to do.
However, the use of science in agricultural did not start today. History shows that our ancestral used to very basic sciences to make farming work easier. Much of the land tilling was done by animals that pulled machines. Actually, most of the advancements we see today can be attributed to agricultural. Some of the simplest tools were first created to help make farming much easier. With the increase in populations, humans had to learn better ways of farming that could provide enough food for all the community. By the year 1960s, there was a great advancement in agricultural with most farmers using selective breeding to help improve the quality of production.
In the world today, science in agriculture is applied to every stage of farming. The US government alone had a larger budget expense on agricultural by the year 1906 which exceeded all the other private expenditures. A lot of research was done on agricultural leading to the production of artificial fertilizers which nowadays forms a basic need for all agricultural activities. Agricultural is nowadays thought in schools in different fields. Scientists have gone as far as studying the genomic makeup of plants with the aim of selecting crops that can resist harsh climate changes. New technologies such as computer science and biotechnology have been applied to develop better farming techniques.
Science has played a key role in agricultural and one cannot separate the two. For the world to be able to provide enough food for all the citizens, science must be used to help produce better yields on a small piece of land.