Polyhouse farmers, we are here for maximum earnings with excellent data about Mushroom Polyhouse farming methods. Mushrooms are a sort of fungi and can be grown in Polyhouses like many crops. A mushroom is a sort of fungus called Agaricus bisporus by the Latin name. Fungiculture is mushroom and other fungi cultivation. Polyhouse mushroom cultivation is one of the most lucrative agribusinesses that can be began with minimal room and investment. Indian mushroom farming is steadily growing as an alternative source of revenue.
Types of Mushrooms in India
- Button Mushroom
- Straw Mushroom
- Oyster Mushrooms
Paddy straw mushrooms can grow from 35 to 40 c in temperature. Over the winter, button mushrooms generate. In the northern plains, oyster mushrooms are created.
Through distinct methods, all three kinds of mushrooms of commercial significance develop. Champignons develop on unique beds known as compost beds
Polyhouse Mushroom farming
Polyhouse Mushroom farming is a new farming technology that decreases rainfall dependence and makes the best use of land and water resources. A tiny quantity of light is not going to harm mushrooms; in the darkness, they are best growing. You may need to take measures to guarantee that the temperature remains relatively stable, somewhere between 55 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit, in order to grow mushrooms in a Polyhouse. Keep the air moist in the Polyhouse and take heavy drafts against precautions that can be deadly to mushroom development.
Crop particular Polyhouse has been created in accordance with the mushroom crop’s functional condition. Itis roof was isolated and ventilated on the walls. Below are the details of Polyhouse’s structural elements for mushroom farming.
Roof – Multi-layer concrete consisting of the iron net, polythene sheet, jute sheet, Thermocol EPF sheet, and polythene stabilized UV sheet
Floor material – Single-layer vertical brick will be the floor material. The Polyhouse farming floor should be held below ground level at 1 m deep.
Door – Double door frame was used to avoid insects and pests from entering the structure of the Polyhouse.
Production of mushroom in Polyhouse
Before starting mushroom farming, factors must be regarded to be effective in Polyhouse mushroom production;
- For effective involvement and tracking purposes, the mushroom farm must be nearer to the farmer’s house.
- The farm must be industrial pollutants such as chemical fumes,
- Available lots of water in the mushroom farm
- Easy access to raw material at competitive prices in the area.
- Simple access to labor at more affordable prices
- There should be provision for sewage disposal
- Must be provided for future growth on the farm.
Process for mushroom farming in Polyhouse
Compost offers the nutrients necessary for the production of mushrooms. Two kinds of fabric are usually used for mushroom compost, with wheat straw-bedded horse manure being the most common and least costly.
In general, synthetic compost is made of hay and crushed corncobs, though the term often refers to any mushroom compost where the primary ingredient is not horse manure. Both compost kinds need to be supplemented with nitrogen and a conditioning agent, gypsum.
In a tunnel, 57 to 60 degrees celsius pasteurizes new indoor compost. All possible bacteria will be killed. The compost remains in the tunnel for 6 days to mature, after which the compost is blended with spawn to generate the mushrooms.
The compost is then transferred to another tunnel where the compost can spread the mycelium. The mycelium is growing fast; it has totally permeated the compost after 2 weeks. The compost seems like light brown peat at this stage.
Most mushroom growers don’t spawn because it’s an advanced process. First, the grain is sterilized to prevent the infection and it remains wet, precisely as mushrooms do.
The matured compost extends to lengthy boxes of stainless steel, the mushroom Beds. The beds are called cells inside special dark spaces and the temperature in the cells is kept at about 23 degrees celsius good and hot. In addition to the compost, a layer of peat casing material is added to maintain the compost to keep the compost moist. In each cell, 20 to 25 liters of water is sprinkled on each m2 over six days due to the need for more moisture. The fungus has two days to generate the covering layer of the casing soil after this.
The initials of the mushroom rise after the formation of rhizomorphs in the casing. The initials are tiny, but on a rhizomorph, they can be seen as outgrowths. The building is a pin once an original quadruple in size. Through the button span, pins continue to expand and grow bigger, and finally, a button enlarges to a mushroom.